century, Great Britain could afford to relax in the search for new colonies, while concentrating on consolidation of the. Dinesh is a longtime favorite of mine. For example, in India the Indians could not travel in the railway compartment in which the Europeans were travelling. First 1-20, 21 next last Disclaimer: Opinions phd thesis original contribution posted on Free Republic are those of the individual posters and do not necessarily represent the opinion of Free Republic or its management. But Britains interests were perhaps even more pressing because the Suez Canal was a strategic link to its empire and its other Eastern trade and colonial interests. The second British Empire The removal of threat from the strongest competing foreign power set the stage for Britains conquest of India and for operations against the North American Indians to extend British settlement in Canada and westerly areas of the North American continent. With the countrys economic and social institutions still intact, markets for Western goods, such as cotton textiles and machinery, remained disappointing: the self-sufficient communities of China were not disrupted as those in India had been under direct British rule, and opium smuggling by British merchants. Hence the British government forged treaties with local Arab Gulf leaders in Bahrain (1880 Muscat (1891 and Kuwait (1899). This event, in turn, had a domino effect, and set off the headlong rush for territory that brought nine-tenths of the African continent under European control by 1898 (the year when Britain, working jointly with Egyptian forces, conquered the Sudan).
Concerned that France would block British access to the eastern Mediterranean and thereby threaten critical trade routes to India, the British navy.
The Mughal emperor Shah Alam hands a scroll to Robert Clive, the governor of Bengal, which transferred tax collecting rights in, bengal, Bihar and Orissa to the East.
European expansion since 1763.
The global expansion of western Europe between the 1760s and the 1870s differed in several important ways from the expansionism and colonialism of previous centuries.
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Of the imperial lifelines, only Gibraltar remains. He's a very intelligent guy with good wit and good writing skills. An increasing Chinese addiction to opium fed a boom in imports of the drug and led to an unfavourable trade balance paid for by a steady loss of Chinas silver reserves. Decline of colonial rivalry An outstanding development in colonial and empire affairs during the period between the Napoleonic Wars and the 1870s was an evident lessening in conflict between European powers. As a consequence of the South African (Boer) War (18991902) Britain obtained sovereignty over the Transvaal and the Afrikaner Orange Free State. That brings me to the greatest benefit that the British provided to the Indians: They taught them the language of freedom. It is really amazing but we know more about late American Indian history than we do about Europe from 500 to 900ad. Thus Indian children were exposed to Shakespeare, Dickens, Hobbes, and Locke. (In 1932 Britain granted Iraq a form of official, yet nominal independence: it was nominal because Britain reserved control over Iraqs military and communications and retained a major share in Iraqs burgeoning oil industry.) Second, and also in 1921, Britain invited Abdallah, another son. Both the world strategic balance and the British petroleum industry ruled out any possibility of a real British withdrawal from either of these Middle Eastern states. Great Britain could have intervened on behalf of Spain and Portugal, but it declined. At this point rival powers interceded to force Japan to forgo taking over the southern Manchuria peninsula.
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